Australian Animal Health Status

The table below lists the status of different diseases in Australia, it has been taken from the Animal Health Australia web page on the 20th of August 2018.


The complete table including other species can be found here



Disease Status Date of last occurrence and notes Additional information
Multiple-species diseases
Anthrax Present Limited distribution
Bluetongue Virus present Restricted to specific northern areas of Australia. Sentinel herd and vector monitoring programs are in place.
Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever Free Never occurred
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease Virus present Disease has not been reported
Equine encephalomyelitis (eastern) Free Never occurred
Heartwater Free Never occurred
Infection with Aujeszky's disease virus Free Never occurred
Infection with Brucella abortus Free Australia declared freedom in all terrestrial animal species in 1989.
Infection with Brucella melitensis Free Never occurred in terrestrial animals. /
Infection with Brucella suis Serological evidence Maintained in feral pigs in parts of New South Wales and Queensland. Rare occurrence in domestic pigs. Sporadic detections in pig hunting dog however this is not OIE notifiable.
Infection with Echinococcus granulosus Present
Infection with Echinococcus multilocularis Free Never occurred
Infection with foot-and-mouth disease virus Free 1872. Australia is officially recognised by the OIE as free without vaccination.
Infection with rabies virus Free 1867
Infection with Rift Valley fever virus Free Never occurred
Infection with rinderpest virus Free 1923. With the global eradication of rinderpest finalised in 2011, all countries are free.
Infection with Trichinellaspp. Not reported Trichinella spiralis is not present. T. pseudospiralis is present in wildlife.
Japanese encephalitis Serological evidence Detected seasonally in Torres Strait and on Cape York in 1998 and 2004.
New World screw-worm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax) Free Never occurred
Old World screw-worm fly (Chrysomya bezziana) Free Never occurred
Paratuberculosis Present National control and management programs are in place.
Q fever Present
Surra (Trypanosoma evansi) Free Never occurred
Tularaemia Present Two human cases reported in Tasmania in 2011, detected in archived samples Tasmanian ringtail possums sampled in 2002.
West Nile fever Australian variants present A previously unknown Australian strain of West Nile virus was identified following an outbreak of neurological disease in horses in 2011. No cases were reported in 2017. /
Cattle diseases
Bovine anaplasmosis Present Transmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia.
Bovine babesiosis Present Transmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia
Bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Free Never occurred. The National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance. Australia has official OIE `negligible risk’ status.
Bovine tuberculosis Free Australia declared freedom in 1997; the last case in any species was reported in 2002.
Bovine viral diarrhoea Present Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 (BVDV-1) is present; BVDV-2 has never occurred.
Enzootic bovine leucosis The dairy cattle herd is free. Very low prevalence in beef cattle. Australian dairy herd achieved freedom on 31 December 2012.
Haemorrhagic septicaemia Free Never occurred. Strains of Pasteurella multocida are present, but not the 6b or 6e strains that cause haemorrhagic septicaemia.
Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis / infectious pustular vulvovaginitis Present Bovine herpesvirus (BHV) – 1.2b is present; BHV-1.1 and BHV-1.2a have never occurred.
Infection with Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoidesSC (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia) Free 1967. Australia declared freedom in 1973 and is officially recognised by the OIE as free.
Lumpy skin disease Free Never occurred
Theileriosis Free Theileria parva and T. annulata are not present
Trichomonosis Present
Trypanosomosis (tsetse borne) Free Never occurred